Monday, May 25, 2020

The Story of the First Lawn Mower

Formal lawns made of short, well-maintained grass first appeared in France around the 1700s, and the idea soon spread to England and the rest of the world. But the methods of maintaining lawns were labor-intensive, inefficient or inconsistent: Lawns were first kept clean and tidy by having animals graze on the grass, or by the use of scythe, sickle, or shears to hand-cut the grass lawns. That changed in the mid-19th century with the invention of the lawnmower.   Machine for Mowing Lawns The first patent for a mechanical lawn mower described as a Machine for mowing lawns, etc. was granted on August 31, 1830, to engineer, Edwin Beard Budding (1795-1846) from Stroud, Gloucestershire, England.  Buddings design was based on a cutting tool used for the uniform trimming of carpet. It was a reel-type mower that had a series of blades arranged around a cylinder. John Ferrabee, owner of Phoenix Foundry at Thrupp Mill, Stroud, first produced the Budding lawn mowers, which were sold to the Zoological Gardens in London (see illustration). In 1842,  Scotsman Alexander Shanks invented  a 27-inch pony drawn reel lawn mower. The first United States patent for a reel lawn mower was granted to Amariah Hills on January 12, 1868. Early lawn mowers were often designed to be horse-drawn, with the horses often wearing oversized leather booties to prevent lawn damage. In 1870, Elwood McGuire of Richmond, Indiana designed a very popular human pushed lawn mower; while it wasnt the first to be human-pushed, his design was very lightweight and became a commercial success. Steam-powered lawn mowers appeared in the 1890s. In 1902, Ransomes produced the first commercially available mower powered by an internal combustion gasoline engine. In the United States, gasoline powered lawn mowers were first manufactured in 1919 by Colonel Edwin George.   On May 9, 1899, John Albert Burr patented an improved rotary blade lawn mower. While marginal improvements have been made in mower technology (including the all-important riding mower), some municipalities and companies are bringing back the old ways by using grazing goats as a low-cost, low-emission mower alternative.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Synonyms for Petit, Small, and Short in French

If you want to learn to speak French more skillfully, start with vocabulary. In French classes, you tend to learn the most common, basic terms. The adjective petit is one example of a very common French word that can be replaced by any number of synonyms. Learn some different ways to say small and short, and note the different nuances. Click on each word to hear it pronounced. Small or Short in French Petit means small or short, depending on how its used and the words that are used with it. Jai besoin dun petit carton.I need a small box. Elle est assez petite.She is fairly short. Petit can also be modified by tout to emphasize the smallness: Il y a un tout petit problà ¨me.Theres a tiny problem. Synonyms for Petit Court means short or brief. Vous devriez à ©crire une introduction courte.You should write a short introduction. Il a la mà ©moire courte.He has a short memory. Étriquà © means narrow or tight. Cà ©tait une victoire à ©triquà ©e.It was a narrow victory. Ton pantalon a lair dà ªtre assez à ©triquà ©.Your pants look pretty tight. Faible means weak or small. Nous navons quune faible quantità © de rà ©serves.We have only a few supplies. Fin means fine or thin. Jaimerais une fine tranche de gà ¢teau.Id like a thin slice of cake. Infime means tiny or miniscule. Il a gagnà © dune majorità © infime.He won by a tiny majority. Là ©ger means light, slight, or minor. Cest une blessure là ©gà ¨re.Its a minor wound. Maigre means meager or slight. ï » ¿Son revenu maigre nest pas suffisant.His meager income is insufficient. Microscopique means microscopic. Les microbes sont microscopiques.Germs are microscopic. Mince means thin, meager, or slender. Nous avons une mince chance de succà ¨s.We have a slender chance of success. Minuscule means miniscule or tiny. Je dà ©teste ces minuscules fenà ªtres dans les salles de bains.I hate those minuscule windows in bathrooms. Modeste means small or modest. Cest un appartement modeste.Its a modest apartment. Nà ©gligeable means negligible or trivial. Jignore les dà ©tails nà ©gligeables.I dont know about the trivial details. Peu is an adverb that means little or not much. Elle parle peu.She speaks little (she doesnt talk very much). Rà ©duit means small. Un nombre rà ©duit de nos à ©tudiants.A small number of our students.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Can Affect Attitude and Behavior Essay - 2168 Words

What can affect attitude and behavior? Outline I. Family life. a. Divorce and attitude b. Family values c. Modeling adults II. Friendships. a. Friends and behavior. b. Peer pressure. c. Positive friendships. III. Surroundings. a. Home setting. b. Importance of education. c. Environment. IV. Economic Status. a. Career. b. Poverty vs. Middleclass. c. Improving your economic status. A person’s attitude and behavior can be influenced and changed by family, friends, surroundings and economic status. Poverty has negative influences over attitude and behavior, a persons friends can have positive or negative influences over them, and family time and good values can†¦show more content†¦If a child is friends with peers that have been taught and live by the same values, they are more likely to stick to those values than if they are around those that have been taught or that live by different values. An example of this would be if a child is taught by their parents beginning at a young age that sex before marriage is discouraged (Jago, E., 1999). If as a teen they begin to associate with those who believe that sex before marriage is fine, they are more likely to also begin to feel that sex prior to marriage is okay. In Beverly Fagot’s study of preschool children she determined that boys actively discourage feminine behaviors and encourage masc uline behaviors during play (Theories of Gender, n.d.). A child’s behavior and attitude can also be influenced by their home setting. It is often thought that parents and adults influence children’s gender-related behaviors; however, it seems that sex segregation is largely stimulated by the children themselves (Theories of Gender, n.d.). This is most likely because of the different play styles of boys and girls. Boys tend to be more aggressive and assertive and prefer hierarchical group interaction; whereas, girls seem to prefer egalitarian dyadic interaction (Theories of Gender, n.d.). This type of sex-segregation can begin as early as three years of age. Even though parents may not influence their child’sShow MoreRelatedPERSONALITY, ATTITUDES AND JOB PERFORMANCE1021 Words   |  5 PagesBU105 W15 Section 7 Management Principles Dwayne Payne March 29, 2015 Miller-Motte College Online Programs I will be writing my paper on personality, attitudes, and job performance. This subject(s) caught my eye because I am currently working in a job (field) where I deal with people every day. We all have different personalities and attitudes and we all have to learn how to deal with them if we are going to manage or work in these types of environments. Also, we have to be satisfied with our jobsRead MoreHow Children Being Bullied Can Not Only Affect Them1021 Words   |  5 PagesWhen one thinks of bullying, they usually associated it with the phrase, â€Å"Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me† those â€Å"sticks and stones† may not only just break those bones, but can undoubtedly leave a lasting impact on a person and make those hateful words and actions hurt that much more to a point that the person would not know how to deal with them. Bullying has become a problematic issue in today’s society, especially where school age children is concerned. BulliesRead MoreSocilization622 Words   |  3 Pagesone’s attitude, Affects- emotions, Behaviors-actions, Cognitions- thoughts, the ABC’s of attitude (Carter amp; Seifert, 2016, Chapter 16). When our emotions, actions and thoughts are not working together it can be difficult. Finding out more about our behavior will help us learn more about our attitude. 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There is many different definitions of organizational behavior, but they are all relatively the same in all cases. â€Å"Organizational behavior studies organizations from multiple viewpoints, including behavior within the organization and in relation to other organizations († This is not just the study on one organization, but the study withinRead MoreAttitude Formation1356 Word s   |  6 PagesAttitude Formation Lawanda Thomas Walden University Attitude Formation The field of social psychology focuses on understanding the behavior of an individual and seeks to include the aspects of external and internal influences that impact behavior. Not only is ones behavior impacted by emotions, behavior is also impacted by how an individual perceives a situation and acceptance to engage in that situation (Fiske, 2010). Hogg and Cooper (2007) argue social psychologists note individuals viewRead MoreA Brief Note On Environmental Psychology Research Methods Essay713 Words   |  3 Pagesstudy conducted by Megan J. Bissing-Olsoni, Aarti Iyer, Kelly S. Fielding and Hannes Zacher, a survey/diary design was used to examine the relationship of pro-environmental behavior, employees daily affect, pro-environmental attitude, daily task-related pro-environmental behavior, and daily proactive pro-environmental behavior. There were 56 participants in the study and they were all employed in small businesses. The surveys were done twice daily, after the initial ba seline survey was conductedRead MoreThe Structure Of Attitudes Through The Abc Model1124 Words   |  5 Pagesthat people’s attitudes define whether they have a successful, bright, happy future. Most people can agree that this is the case, but people must ask themselves why and what really makes up a person’s attitude. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Themes in hamlet free essay sample

Impossibility of Certainty and Delay of Action Hamlet undoubtedly takes a long time to avenge his father’s murder, and his hesitation is his tragic flaw. He spends a great deal of effort thinking and analyzing and far less acting on his dead father’s request for revenge. Hamlet’s delay of action is a direct result of his attempts to obtain more certain knowledge about what he needs to do as well as the circumstances of his father’s death. However, had he not taken so long, the play would not have been – indeed, it relies upon Hamlet’s hesitation. Revenge There are at least three instances of characters seeking revenge in the play. Young Fortinbras seeks revenge against Denmark because Old King Hamlet killed his father and took his father’s lands. Hamlet wants revenge against Claudius for his own father’s murder. Laertes wants revenge against Hamlet for killing his father, Polonius. We will write a custom essay sample on Themes in hamlet or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Deception The characters in the play demonstrate several acts of deception. King Claudius hides the fact that he murdered his brother, King Hamlet. Hamlet conceals his knowledge of the murder and he also conceals his sanity. In fact, a lot of the play depends on Hamlet’s â€Å"antic disposition.† Polonius hides his loyalty to King Claudius and spies on Hamlet. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern pretend to be loyal to Hamlet, but are actually in liege with King Claudius. Near the end of the play, Gertrude hides her knowledge of Hamlet’s antic disposition. Theater vs. Life This play is about acting: Hamlet acts insane, Claudius pretends to be a legitimate and sincere king, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern portray themselves as loyal friends to Hamlet. The turning point in the play relies upon the play-within-a-play. There is a question of the idea of appearance vs. reality and whether people are being honest or performing for some other benefit. The Mystery of Death The idea of death is closely tied to the motifs of spirituality, truth, and uncertainty as death may bring answers to Hamlet’s uncertainty. Since death is both the cause and consequence of revenge, it is also tied to the theme of revenge. Hamlet is obsessed with death and considers many perspectives of death throughout the play. He ponders the spiritual aftermath of death (from the ghost of his father) and the physical aftermath of death (in the corpses and Yorick’s skull). Hamlet contemplates his own death: is suicide morally legitimate in an unbearably painful world? Hamlet wants to die to end his pain; however he is afraid of the moral consequences of killing himself. The Nation as a Diseased Body Throughout the play, there is a connection between the welfare of the royal family and the health of the state. In the early scenes of the play, there is a sense of anxiety and dread surrounding the transfer of power from one ruler to the next. If the state of Denmark is a body and the king is the head of that body, and if the king is murdered, what does that mean for the health of the nation/body? Moreover, if the new king is a corrupted murderer, then the wellbeing of the state of Denmark is further compromised. Denmark may be seen as a physical body made ill by the moral corruption of King Claudius and Queen Gertrude. Hence, â€Å"Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.† Loyalty Despite the many instances of distrust and deception, some characters remain true and constant. Hamlet is forever loyal to his father. Even before learning of his father’s murder, he mourned him grievously. Laertes is loyal to Ophelia and Polonius. Horatio remains loyal to Hamlet throughout the play. Interestingly, Gertrude is torn between her loyalty to Claudius and her loyalty to Hamlet. However, she keeps her loyalty to Hamlet in the end by maintaining her promise to hide his antic disposition. Hamlet: Characters

Monday, April 6, 2020

Video Games Effect On Heart (1299 words) Essay Example For Students

Video Games Effect On Heart (1299 words) Essay Video Games Effect On HeartIn order to determine the effects of video games on the heart, we must look atseveral different things. First, we must determine which specific areas we wantto investigate. Looking at increased heart rate and blood pressure, we need todetermine the average maximum heart rate for the age group being tested. We mustdetermine what factors can cause ones heart rate to increase, and we must lookat the current studies in regard to the various social effects of video andother electronic games. The main way that we increase our heart rate is throughexercise, and even then health care professionals recognize the importance ofpacing yourself. In order to pace yourself, you must determine your target heartrate. To do this, you must measure your pulse periodically as you exercise andstay within 50 to 75 percent of you maximum heart rate. A simple rule of thumbis if you can talk and walk at the same time, you are not working too hard. Ifyou can sing and maintain your le vel of effort, you are probably not workinghard enough. If you get out of breath quickly, you are probably working toohard, especially if you have to stop and catch your breath. The target heartrate chart is broken down from twenty years of age to seventy years. The targetheart rate zone of fifty to seventy-five percent for people of twenty years is100-150 beats per minute with the average maximum heart rate of 100% at 200beats per minute. The second main contributor to increasing your heart rate isthrough stress. Doctors have determined that the problem with stress is that ourbody thinks we are still cavemen. There hasnt been time for us to evolvephysiologically from the high-threat, short-duration stress situations thatprimitive man faced to the relatively low-threat, long-duration stresses ofmodern society. When your body receives a message that you are under stress, itautomatically thinks you are going to do one of two things, fight or run away. We will write a custom essay on Video Games Effect On Heart (1299 words) specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The body does not know how to temper its response to deal with the week-longpressure of dooming deadlines or other stresses that we deal with daily. Thisoverkill response, in time, takes a physical toll, especially on thecardiovascular system. When you are under stress, you are not thriving. Yourblood pressure is elevated, your blood clotting mechanism is working at fullforce, your heart is beating faster than normal and your metabolic rate is up. Keep it for hours and you will be exhausted, for years and you are headed for aheart attack. Doctors place stress as the secondary risk factor for heartdisease. Stress and video games often go hand in hand. During the last severaldecades, video games have emerged as one of the most popular forms of adolescententertainment. In the United States alone, video game revenues total ten billiondollars annually. On the average, children who have home video games play withthem approximately ninety minutes a day. Some of the trends in game playing aredisturbing some observers. A 1993 study asked 357 seventh and eight graders tolist their preferences among five categories of video games. The study foundthat fantasy violence topped the list at thirty-two percent. It also find thatboys who play violent games tend to have a lower self-concept in the areas ofacademic ability, peer acceptance and behavior. The most interesting is thepossible link between playing violent video games and subsequent ag gressivebehavior. Boys aged eight to fourteen are the core audience for video games. .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .postImageUrl , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:hover , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:visited , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:active { border:0!important; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:active , .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047 .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .udb1aa33730165baf8d47334c54c75047:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Satire in Huckleberry Finn EssayAnother study found that a series of three video games played under threeincreasing levels of stress elicited progressively higher values of bloodpressure and heart rate. Both the race and gender of the subjects affected thereactivity. Heavy video game players have a difficult time with the regard todischarging aggression, and have a lower frustration tolerance. It has beenfound that hostility is increased when playing highly aggressive video games andmildly aggressive games. Subjects playing the high aggression game were muchmore anxious than the other subjects. In one study, the researcher found thatnot only did the heart rates of the part icipants increase while playing videogames, but also the rates of those merely watching the game increased. The studydemonstrated clear differences between playing the violent game over anon-violent game. The study also demonstrated strong differences between playingand watching the games in violent verses non-violent games.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Comparing Childrens Books

Comparing Childrens Books The introduction The fundamentals of the books While comparing children’s books, I would like you to become familiar with the history of their appearance. Thus, the first book I want to discuss is The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe written by famous novelist C.  S. Lewis. It should be pointed out that a fantasy novel was written in the early fifties. Generally, I would like to state that the plot of the novel is to be considered in relation to socialization issues.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Childrens Books specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The second book I want to analyze is Harry Potter. This book is of the same genre as the previous one. It is a fantasy novel written by J. K. Rowling. Generally, there are seven books written about the adventures of a wizard – Harry Potter. In my opinion, the key themes of the novel seem to be culture, identity and power. The body The Lion, the Witc h and the Wardrobe There is a need to consider the importance of each book in detail. Let’s start from the novel written in 1950. I would like to draw the readers’ attention to the fact that Lewis’s book can be analyzed from different perspectives. For instance, the list of the characters the author provides us with, gives us an opportunity to suppose that there are the gender roles the novelist created, which form the children’s views in relation to the basic characteristics both sexes should possess. In other words, one can make a conclusion that sex differences in the novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe seem to be one of the most important themes, which should be analyzed. So, the main characters the author describes in his book are Lucy Pevensie, Edmund Pevensie, Susan Pevensie, Peter Pevensie, The White Witch, Tumnus, The Professor, Mr. and Mrs. Beaver, Maugrim, Father Christmas, Mrs. Macready, and Giant Rumblebuffin. Generally, Lewis said tha t the main character of his story was Peter Pevensie. In my opinion, this character seems to be special, as his intentions to protect his siblings play a significant role in children’s comprehension what a real man should be.Advertising Looking for essay on comparative literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In other words, it is obvious that the author relies on a special psychological approach, which forms and determines the children’s attitudes in relation to the intrinsic characteristics of males. The fact that the events described in the book took place during the World War II allows us to suppose that the author wanted children also to become familiar with the realities of life. Thus, it seems that, on the one hand, the novel is fantastic, it is written for children to entertain them; on the other hand, a fantasy novel is a serious book, as it forms the world view of children. Anderson is of the opinion that â€Å"books open up new worlds to children. Books expose children to a variety of experiences they might not otherwise have been subjected to in their own lives† (2). Taking into account this statement, one can suppose that the novelist’s fantasy is an effective way to familiarize children not only with their own culture, but also with another one. To my mind, there are magic depictions, which are mostly associated with various cultural issues. Of course, it is also necessary to state that the reflection of the relations between the main characters is extremely important, as such method has a social power. Another important point I would like to highlight is the so-called society function the author popularizes in his novel. First of all, it should be pointed out that most of children’s books are written to help children accept society functions they are to perform. Thus, Lewis’s novel is not an exception. It helps identify emotions and s hows the ways other people are to be treated. Harry Potter When speaking about another book – Harry Potter, I would like to add that J. K. Rowling’s depictions seem to be more real. Moreover, the novel about a wizard is recognized to be an important socializing tool. While The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is based on the basic societal functions the author wants his little readers to become familiar with, Rowling’s novel represents new societal changes. This fact cannot be regarded as unusual one, as numerous things do not remain constant over time. For this reason, it is necessary to state that the key ideas of the books of the same genre are different, as the process of constant development cannot be neglected or avoided. Both books are considered to be extremely popular. Thus, according to an American weekly magazine Times, the novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was included into the category TIME 100 Best English-language Novels from 1923 to 2005 .Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Childrens Books specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More When speaking about Harry Potter, there is a need to point out that more than 375 million copies of the novel â€Å"have been sold worldwide. This overwhelming success demonstrates that people all over the world feel entertained by the series and indicates strong positive parasocial relationships with the protagonist in readers from very different (cultural) backgrounds† (Schmid Klimmt 253). Of course, I cannot say that there are no similar features in the novels. For instance, I would like to draw the readers’ attention to the fact that socially constructed gender distinctions are present in both books. One more important aspect I would like to highlight is the plot of both novels, which influences children’s perception. Thus, one is to keep in mind that the events, which are described in both books im pact on the way children see images of themselves. Moreover, it is also obvious that the illustrations the authors provide their little readers with influence the way children comprehend stereotypical roles of the main characters. In other words, the book written in the early fifties and one written within the past 10 year show good traits of character a person is to possess. Thus, the main characters both authors describe are considered to be kind, brave, honest, responsible, etc.; while negative characters are recognized to be totally different. They are greedy, dishonest, irresponsible, etc. The importance of social class, which both authors touch on in their novels, cannot be omitted too. For this reason, when analyzing the plot of the novels, I have understood that children took into account the so-called individual responsibilities of the main characters, but not their social status. Generally, children are mostly interested in the actions the main characters are to follow to achieve their aims. Liberal feminist theory seems to be another important aspect, which is to be highlighted. Thus, I have to state that gender stereotypes influence children’s comprehension of gender roles. In this case, one can speak about the so-called child stratification. The conclusion So, in my opinion, the objectives both authors wanted to achieve were successfully completed. The main difference between the two novels of the same genre is the so-called time period the books are written within.Advertising Looking for essay on comparative literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moral and ethical principles seem to be the key aspects Lewis and Rowling wanted to highlight. Generally, it is an old truth that good wins evil in all the times. Moreover, children should also understand that it is not so easy to overcome the difficulties; however, if the characters show patience, they will always succeed. For instance, Allyson Foreman says that a wizard Harry Potter is considered to be the so-called role model; and â€Å"in fact, serves as an excellent model for leadership. Further, Harry’s actions convey a deeper meaning about the importance of moral and ethical development through a comparison of stages in the young character’s life† (22). The same can be said about the main characters of the novel The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. When comparing the novels, it becomes obvious that both authors depicted the issues, which were interesting and important within certain time period. In spite of the fact, however, one is to keep in mind that new changes will always occur, and thus, new realities will be described and analyzed. The only thing, which can be probably constant, seems to be the principal goal of the main characters. The struggle of opposites will always exist, as without evil there will be no evolution. For this reason, all the events, which the authors describe in their novels, are extremely important to understand that the reality can be changed. Anderson, Angela. Power Disparities and the Structure of Childrearing: A Content  Analysis of Bestselling Children’s Books, 2011. Web. Foreman, Allyson. The Boy Who Lived To Lead: An Analysis of Harry Potter’s Moral  and Ethical Leadership Development, n.d. Web. Schmid, Hannah, and Christoph, Klimmt. A Magically Nice Guy: Parasocial  Relationships with Harry Potter Across Different Cultures, 2011. Web.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Strategic Supply Chain and Logistics Management Essay

Strategic Supply Chain and Logistics Management - Essay Example This is a flexible method because Dell sells through retail outlets. Dell also kept track of customer’s inventory, allowing them to order PCs directly rather than going through the hassles of purchasing. (Kraemer, Dedrick, and Yamashiro 2000) The advantage in Dell’s strategy is that it minimizes inventory. Dell’s method is direct selling, and selling through the Internet. At Dell Computer, speed and balance are the secret weapons to creating value. (CNET Networks Inc. 2007) Hewlett-Packard (HP) does not rely on outsourcing of supplies. Rather than relying on a network of partners, the company builds its PCs in-house. HP computers are of highest quality. Management believes that every part and component should be designed and produced in house. Since the beginning, HP had been making its own screws. HP people focused on developing new technology internally, resisting collaboration with outside partners to leverage existing technology. (Mendelson and Siegler 1999, 134) Executive management is right on the top, which means this is the top echelon of the company or business. Important decisions and company strategies have to come from this part of the organization because they affect the operation, to include the future and success of the organization. Supply management is equally important as in other strategic decisions processes in the organization. Supply management sustains the lie of organization. Without an effective supply chain, business cannot thrive or be successful in the long run. Operation is the process by which goods and services are created. We find productive processes in all kinds of organized activities such as factories, offices, supermarkets, and hospitals. Production and operations management deals with decision making related to productive processes to ensure that the resulting goods or services are